What Is An Electric Bike

What Is an Electric Bike? How Does It Work?

E-bikes may look like regular bicycles, but they have a built-in electric motor that boosts you when you pedal and makes things easier. The electric motor assists when pedaling, making conquering hills and riding longer distances a breeze. You won't arrive at your destination exhausted after a long and tiring ride. With the motor taking some of the strain, you'll experience less fatigue during your ride. 

This is especially helpful for commuting or rides with challenging terrain. The electric motor can give you extra push, allowing you to reach higher speeds with less effort. This can be beneficial for commuting or keeping up with faster riders on group rides. E-bikes make cycling accessible to people of all fitness levels, even if you find traditional bikes too demanding. This opens up cycling as a viable option for everyone. You can arrive at work or your destination feeling fresh and ready to go without showing up in sweaty clothes.

How an Electric Bike Works

A proper meal consists of various ingredients in different proportions, working together to create a delicious and nutritious experience. An e-bike is much the same. It combines several key parts, each playing a specific role to deliver a smooth and enjoyable ride. Let's examine some of these essential bike components and see how they power your e-bike adventures.

Electric Motor

The electric motor converts electrical energy from the battery into mechanical energy, rotating the wheels and propelling the bike forward. Two main motor locations are hub motors (in the front or rear wheel) and mid-drive motors (near the pedals). Hub motors are generally simpler and more common, while mid-drive motors offer a more natural riding experience.

Battery Function and Charging

The battery is the e-bike's power source. It stores electrical energy that's delivered to the motor. Most e-bikes use lithium-ion batteries, known for their lightweight design and long lifespan. E-bike batteries are rechargeable. You can typically remove the battery and charge it using a dedicated charger at home from a regular outlet. Charging times vary depending on battery size and capacity.

Compact Flippo Ebike

Pedal Assist and Throttle Modes 

The pedal assist is a popular mode where the motor only provides extra power when you pedal. Sensors detect your pedaling and engage the motor accordingly. You control the amount of assistance with various power levels from which you can choose. Throttle mode (on applicable models) allows you to operate the e-bike like a moped. You twist or press a throttle to control the motor's power, even without pedaling. This mode helps get started from a stop or for short bursts of extra power.

Smart Sensor

The sensor is the brain behind the pedal-assist function. It detects your pedaling motion and sends a signal to the motor controller to engage the motor. There are two main types of sensors

Cadence Sensor: This basic sensor detects how fast you pedal (rotations per minute) and turns the motor accordingly.

Torque Sensor: This more advanced sensor detects how much force you're applying to the pedals and adjusts the motor assistance based on your effort. This provides a more natural riding experience.

What is Electric Bike Wattage?

E-bike wattage measures the electric motor's power output, typically expressed in watts (W). In simpler terms, it reflects how much power the motor can provide to assist you when riding. Here's a breakdown of what wattage means for e-bikes:

A higher-wattage motor can deliver more assistance, allowing for quicker acceleration, easier hill climbing, and potentially faster speeds. Motors with higher wattage ratings tend to consume battery power more quickly. So, if you prioritize a longer range on a single charge, a lower-wattage motor might be preferable. E-bike regulations regarding wattage can vary by region. In some areas, e-bikes are classified as bicycles with wattage limitations to qualify for specific use categories.

Here's a general guideline:

Lower wattage (250-350W): Ideal for casual riding, commuting on flat terrain, or getting gentle assistance.

Mid-range wattage (500W): This model has a good balance of power and efficiency, making it suitable for handling hills and moderate speeds.

Higher wattage (750W and above): This offers significant power for tackling tough terrain, high speeds, or hauling heavy cargo. However, it might have limitations in some regions.

What is Electric Bike Voltage?

E-bike voltage refers to the electrical potential within the battery, measured in volts (V). Higher voltage generally allows the motor to spin faster, potentially resulting in higher speeds. Voltage also impacts the motor's torque, which is its twisting force. Higher voltage can contribute to more torque, giving you better climbing power.

How Voltage Relates to Wattage

E-bike wattage considers voltage and amperage (current). The formula is: Wattage (W) = Voltage (V) x Amperage (A). So, a higher voltage can contribute to higher wattage if the amperage is also increased.

The Flippo Compact E-Bike has a 48V battery and a 350W motor. The 48V Battery indicates a relatively high voltage for an e-bike battery, potentially contributing to good motor performance. With a 350W Motor, you get a focus on efficiency and range rather than raw power. It should provide a good balance of assistance for comfortable riding and extended journeys on a single charge.

Benefits of Using an Electric Bike

E-bikes offer a compelling combination of environmental friendliness, cost-effectiveness, and health advantages. Here are some of these ebike benefits in more detail:

Eco-Friendly Transportation

E-bikes are electric, meaning they produce zero tailpipe emissions. This helps combat air pollution and contributes to a cleaner environment for everyone. When you go for an e-bike, you're reducing your dependence on cars. This means fewer cars on the road, leading to lower overall emissions. Also, e-bikes can be charged using renewable energy sources like solar panels, further minimizing their environmental impact.

Cost-Effective Commuting

Unlike cars, e-bikes require minimal maintenance and have significantly lower energy costs. Charging an e-bike battery is much cheaper than filling a gas tank. With an e-bike, you can often bypass traffic jams and find parking more easily. No more circling the block, searching for a spot. Depending on your location and usage, an e-bike might be a more cost-effective alternative to public transportation passes.

Health and Fitness Advantages

Even with the motor assistance, you'll still be pedaling and getting exercise. This is good for you if you find traditional bikes too strenuous. The motor assist allows you to conquer hills and ride longer distances without getting overly exhausted, opening up new routes and encouraging exploration.

Regular e-bike riding can improve cardiovascular health by strengthening your heart and circulatory system. Exercise releases endorphins, which have mood-boosting effects. E-bike riding can also be fun and relaxing, helping you de-stress and improve overall well-being.

Electric Bike Display

Getting Started with Your Electric Bike

Before venturing out, get comfortable with your e-bike in a controlled, safe environment. Familiarize yourself with the controls (brakes, throttle if applicable, pedal assist), display, and how to shift gears. Practice starting, stopping, and turning at slow speeds.

Make sure your battery is fully charged before your first ride. Consult the manual for proper charging procedures and estimated charging times. E-bikes can go faster than traditional bikes, so be mindful of your speed and adjust the pedal assist accordingly. It's best to ease into higher speeds as you gain experience. The more you ride, the more comfortable and confident you'll become. So, find a safe area to practice maneuvering, braking, and trying different terrains.


E-bikes are a fantastic way to experience the joy of cycling with a little extra boost. They give you a convenient, eco-friendly, and enjoyable mode of transportation that can benefit riders of all ages and fitness levels. Whether you're looking for an easier commute or a fun way to explore your surroundings, e-bikes have something to offer. 

With their user-friendly design and the combination of electric motor and pedal power, e-bikes can open up a world of possibilities for getting around and staying active. So, why leave your car in your garage, charge your e-bike, and experience the ride yourself? You might be surprised at how much fun and freedom it brings.

Related Product

Flippo | Folding Ebike

Lastest Blog Post